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A brief history of the Rosebud County Fairgrounds and the Rosebud-Treasure County Fair 

County fairs have been held around the United States for over 160 years. Citizens in agricultural communities thought it would be a great idea to display produce grown in their area and thus the tradition began in competing for the prize crop, be it a pumpkin or watermelon or anything in between.

Livestock were added to the competitions later and eventually county fairs evolved into a once a year extravaganza that people look forward to for a fun experience. Large agricultural displays of crops and vegetables still appear every year, with newer features such as the carnival and name entertainment added to involve the whole community.

The Rosebud County Fair began in 1906 and with the exception of two years, it has continued to bring excitement and reward every year to thousands of residents of Rosebud and Treasure Counties and the surrounding area. In 1934, the fair was cancelled due to drought, grasshoppers, and Mormon crickets. German prisoners occupied the
fairgrounds in 1945, so the county fair was also cancelled for that year.

Treasure County split from Rosebud County in 1919 but has always been included as part of the fair, with 4-H also becoming a large part of the overall show. Our historic exhibition hall was built sometime in the early part of the 20th century. The grandstand, concession facilities and restrooms were built in 1975, and improvements to the grounds have been added yearly. Our new front gate was built and installed in two steps, in 2012 and 2013, with improved lighting and other features to be added as the budget allows.

In the early days, the fair was held after harvest, in September. Later, it was moved to August and finally around 1990, to its current late-July time. Thoroughbred horse racing and rodeo was the primary entertainment until the 1980s. Since then, top-name entertainment has been highlighted with grandstand night shows, featuring such stars as Charley Pride, the Bellamy Brothers, Sawyer Brown, Neal McCoy, Exile, Ronnie Milsap, Tracy Lawrence, Terri Clark, and Charlie Daniels.

The Demolition Derby, sponsored first by the Lowlanders Car Club and then by the local American Legion post, began in the early 1970s and ran for many years before being retired after 2012. It was replaced by the Bump-n-Run 2013 which ran for three years. The Demolition Derby will return for the 2017 fair, sponsored by the fair and staffed with volunteer leadership.

Mixed Martial Arts bouts were held on Thursday nights for several years as well.

The fairgrounds is in use almost weekly during the warm months of the year with various events taking place, everything from weddings to ropings to soccer games to auctions. In 2007, the rough carnival midway area was upgraded to an all-grass midway thanks to federal grants.  The grass midway is much easier (and cooler!) to walk on, cleaner, and provides a much nicer environment for the carnival area. As of this writing we have the only grass midway in eastern Montana.

Recently the Exhibit Hall has been undergoing major improvements. Air conditioning was added in time for the 2011 fair. Since then other improvements have been undertaken to make the hall a year-round facility, including a full kitchen, restrooms, new doors and windows, large roll-up doors, wintertime heat, and beautiful new concrete flooring. It is a great place for gatherings that are too large for other local facilities. 

A historic barn on the west edge of the fairgrounds, which was used for many years to house 4-H livestock during the fair, became unsafe and was razed in 2015. A new building was built in that area and is used not only for the 4-H, but can be used for winter storage. Additional restrooms are planned for the area just north of the Exhibit Hall to replace the original, outdated facilities.

Improvements to the fairgrounds are always in the planning stages, and the fair board welcomes comments and suggestions from the public. Many changes have challenged fair board members, and new decisions with these changing times continue to be made. Our Mission Statement highlights the entertainment, fun, 4-H, and special attractions that make Rosebud-Treasure County Fair one of the best fairs in eastern Montana.

SEE YOU AT THE FAIR!
PHOTO CREDITS:  1962 photo by Bruce Blakesley; grandstand photo by unknown;